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mmengine.fileio.backends.local_backend 源代码

# Copyright (c) OpenMMLab. All rights reserved.
import os
import os.path as osp
import shutil
from contextlib import contextmanager
from pathlib import Path
from typing import Generator, Iterator, Optional, Tuple, Union

import mmengine
from .base import BaseStorageBackend


[文档]class LocalBackend(BaseStorageBackend): """Raw local storage backend.""" _allow_symlink = True
[文档] def get(self, filepath: Union[str, Path]) -> bytes: """Read bytes from a given ``filepath`` with 'rb' mode. Args: filepath (str or Path): Path to read data. Returns: bytes: Expected bytes object. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath = '/path/of/file' >>> backend.get(filepath) b'hello world' """ with open(filepath, 'rb') as f: value = f.read() return value
[文档] def get_text(self, filepath: Union[str, Path], encoding: str = 'utf-8') -> str: """Read text from a given ``filepath`` with 'r' mode. Args: filepath (str or Path): Path to read data. encoding (str): The encoding format used to open the ``filepath``. Defaults to 'utf-8'. Returns: str: Expected text reading from ``filepath``. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath = '/path/of/file' >>> backend.get_text(filepath) 'hello world' """ with open(filepath, encoding=encoding) as f: text = f.read() return text
[文档] def put(self, obj: bytes, filepath: Union[str, Path]) -> None: """Write bytes to a given ``filepath`` with 'wb' mode. Note: ``put`` will create a directory if the directory of ``filepath`` does not exist. Args: obj (bytes): Data to be written. filepath (str or Path): Path to write data. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath = '/path/of/file' >>> backend.put(b'hello world', filepath) """ mmengine.mkdir_or_exist(osp.dirname(filepath)) with open(filepath, 'wb') as f: f.write(obj)
[文档] def put_text(self, obj: str, filepath: Union[str, Path], encoding: str = 'utf-8') -> None: """Write text to a given ``filepath`` with 'w' mode. Note: ``put_text`` will create a directory if the directory of ``filepath`` does not exist. Args: obj (str): Data to be written. filepath (str or Path): Path to write data. encoding (str): The encoding format used to open the ``filepath``. Defaults to 'utf-8'. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath = '/path/of/file' >>> backend.put_text('hello world', filepath) """ mmengine.mkdir_or_exist(osp.dirname(filepath)) with open(filepath, 'w', encoding=encoding) as f: f.write(obj)
[文档] def exists(self, filepath: Union[str, Path]) -> bool: """Check whether a file path exists. Args: filepath (str or Path): Path to be checked whether exists. Returns: bool: Return ``True`` if ``filepath`` exists, ``False`` otherwise. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath = '/path/of/file' >>> backend.exists(filepath) True """ return osp.exists(filepath)
[文档] def isdir(self, filepath: Union[str, Path]) -> bool: """Check whether a file path is a directory. Args: filepath (str or Path): Path to be checked whether it is a directory. Returns: bool: Return ``True`` if ``filepath`` points to a directory, ``False`` otherwise. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath = '/path/of/dir' >>> backend.isdir(filepath) True """ return osp.isdir(filepath)
[文档] def isfile(self, filepath: Union[str, Path]) -> bool: """Check whether a file path is a file. Args: filepath (str or Path): Path to be checked whether it is a file. Returns: bool: Return ``True`` if ``filepath`` points to a file, ``False`` otherwise. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath = '/path/of/file' >>> backend.isfile(filepath) True """ return osp.isfile(filepath)
[文档] def join_path(self, filepath: Union[str, Path], *filepaths: Union[str, Path]) -> str: r"""Concatenate all file paths. Join one or more filepath components intelligently. The return value is the concatenation of filepath and any members of \*filepaths. Args: filepath (str or Path): Path to be concatenated. Returns: str: The result of concatenation. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath1 = '/path/of/dir1' >>> filepath2 = 'dir2' >>> filepath3 = 'path/of/file' >>> backend.join_path(filepath1, filepath2, filepath3) '/path/of/dir/dir2/path/of/file' """ # TODO, if filepath or filepaths are Path, should return Path return osp.join(filepath, *filepaths)
[文档] @contextmanager def get_local_path( self, filepath: Union[str, Path], ) -> Generator[Union[str, Path], None, None]: """Only for unified API and do nothing. Args: filepath (str or Path): Path to be read data. backend_args (dict, optional): Arguments to instantiate the corresponding backend. Defaults to None. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> with backend.get_local_path('s3://bucket/abc.jpg') as path: ... # do something here """ yield filepath
[文档] def copyfile( self, src: Union[str, Path], dst: Union[str, Path], ) -> str: """Copy a file src to dst and return the destination file. src and dst should have the same prefix. If dst specifies a directory, the file will be copied into dst using the base filename from src. If dst specifies a file that already exists, it will be replaced. Args: src (str or Path): A file to be copied. dst (str or Path): Copy file to dst. Returns: str: The destination file. Raises: SameFileError: If src and dst are the same file, a SameFileError will be raised. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> # dst is a file >>> src = '/path/of/file' >>> dst = '/path1/of/file1' >>> # src will be copied to '/path1/of/file1' >>> backend.copyfile(src, dst) '/path1/of/file1' >>> # dst is a directory >>> dst = '/path1/of/dir' >>> # src will be copied to '/path1/of/dir/file' >>> backend.copyfile(src, dst) '/path1/of/dir/file' """ return shutil.copy(src, dst)
[文档] def copytree( self, src: Union[str, Path], dst: Union[str, Path], ) -> str: """Recursively copy an entire directory tree rooted at src to a directory named dst and return the destination directory. src and dst should have the same prefix and dst must not already exist. TODO: Whether to support dirs_exist_ok parameter. Args: src (str or Path): A directory to be copied. dst (str or Path): Copy directory to dst. Returns: str: The destination directory. Raises: FileExistsError: If dst had already existed, a FileExistsError will be raised. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> src = '/path/of/dir1' >>> dst = '/path/of/dir2' >>> backend.copytree(src, dst) '/path/of/dir2' """ return shutil.copytree(src, dst)
[文档] def copyfile_from_local( self, src: Union[str, Path], dst: Union[str, Path], ) -> str: """Copy a local file src to dst and return the destination file. Same as :meth:`copyfile`. Args: src (str or Path): A local file to be copied. dst (str or Path): Copy file to dst. Returns: str: If dst specifies a directory, the file will be copied into dst using the base filename from src. Raises: SameFileError: If src and dst are the same file, a SameFileError will be raised. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> # dst is a file >>> src = '/path/of/file' >>> dst = '/path1/of/file1' >>> # src will be copied to '/path1/of/file1' >>> backend.copyfile_from_local(src, dst) '/path1/of/file1' >>> # dst is a directory >>> dst = '/path1/of/dir' >>> # src will be copied to >>> backend.copyfile_from_local(src, dst) '/path1/of/dir/file' """ return self.copyfile(src, dst)
[文档] def copytree_from_local( self, src: Union[str, Path], dst: Union[str, Path], ) -> str: """Recursively copy an entire directory tree rooted at src to a directory named dst and return the destination directory. Same as :meth:`copytree`. Args: src (str or Path): A local directory to be copied. dst (str or Path): Copy directory to dst. Returns: str: The destination directory. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> src = '/path/of/dir1' >>> dst = '/path/of/dir2' >>> backend.copytree_from_local(src, dst) '/path/of/dir2' """ return self.copytree(src, dst)
[文档] def copyfile_to_local( self, src: Union[str, Path], dst: Union[str, Path], ) -> str: """Copy the file src to local dst and return the destination file. Same as :meth:`copyfile`. If dst specifies a directory, the file will be copied into dst using the base filename from src. If dst specifies a file that already exists, it will be replaced. Args: src (str or Path): A file to be copied. dst (str or Path): Copy file to to local dst. Returns: str: If dst specifies a directory, the file will be copied into dst using the base filename from src. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> # dst is a file >>> src = '/path/of/file' >>> dst = '/path1/of/file1' >>> # src will be copied to '/path1/of/file1' >>> backend.copyfile_to_local(src, dst) '/path1/of/file1' >>> # dst is a directory >>> dst = '/path1/of/dir' >>> # src will be copied to >>> backend.copyfile_to_local(src, dst) '/path1/of/dir/file' """ return self.copyfile(src, dst)
[文档] def copytree_to_local( self, src: Union[str, Path], dst: Union[str, Path], ) -> str: """Recursively copy an entire directory tree rooted at src to a local directory named dst and return the destination directory. Args: src (str or Path): A directory to be copied. dst (str or Path): Copy directory to local dst. backend_args (dict, optional): Arguments to instantiate the prefix of uri corresponding backend. Defaults to None. Returns: str: The destination directory. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> src = '/path/of/dir1' >>> dst = '/path/of/dir2' >>> backend.copytree_from_local(src, dst) '/path/of/dir2' """ return self.copytree(src, dst)
[文档] def remove(self, filepath: Union[str, Path]) -> None: """Remove a file. Args: filepath (str or Path): Path to be removed. Raises: IsADirectoryError: If filepath is a directory, an IsADirectoryError will be raised. FileNotFoundError: If filepath does not exist, an FileNotFoundError will be raised. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> filepath = '/path/of/file' >>> backend.remove(filepath) """ if not self.exists(filepath): raise FileNotFoundError(f'filepath {filepath} does not exist') if self.isdir(filepath): raise IsADirectoryError('filepath should be a file') os.remove(filepath)
[文档] def rmtree(self, dir_path: Union[str, Path]) -> None: """Recursively delete a directory tree. Args: dir_path (str or Path): A directory to be removed. Examples: >>> dir_path = '/path/of/dir' >>> backend.rmtree(dir_path) """ shutil.rmtree(dir_path)
[文档] def list_dir_or_file(self, dir_path: Union[str, Path], list_dir: bool = True, list_file: bool = True, suffix: Optional[Union[str, Tuple[str]]] = None, recursive: bool = False) -> Iterator[str]: """Scan a directory to find the interested directories or files in arbitrary order. Note: :meth:`list_dir_or_file` returns the path relative to ``dir_path``. Args: dir_path (str or Path): Path of the directory. list_dir (bool): List the directories. Defaults to True. list_file (bool): List the path of files. Defaults to True. suffix (str or tuple[str], optional): File suffix that we are interested in. Defaults to None. recursive (bool): If set to True, recursively scan the directory. Defaults to False. Yields: Iterable[str]: A relative path to ``dir_path``. Examples: >>> backend = LocalBackend() >>> dir_path = '/path/of/dir' >>> # list those files and directories in current directory >>> for file_path in backend.list_dir_or_file(dir_path): ... print(file_path) >>> # only list files >>> for file_path in backend.list_dir_or_file(dir_path, list_dir=False): ... print(file_path) >>> # only list directories >>> for file_path in backend.list_dir_or_file(dir_path, list_file=False): ... print(file_path) >>> # only list files ending with specified suffixes >>> for file_path in backend.list_dir_or_file(dir_path, suffix='.txt'): ... print(file_path) >>> # list all files and directory recursively >>> for file_path in backend.list_dir_or_file(dir_path, recursive=True): ... print(file_path) """ # noqa: E501 if list_dir and suffix is not None: raise TypeError('`suffix` should be None when `list_dir` is True') if (suffix is not None) and not isinstance(suffix, (str, tuple)): raise TypeError('`suffix` must be a string or tuple of strings') root = dir_path def _list_dir_or_file(dir_path, list_dir, list_file, suffix, recursive): for entry in os.scandir(dir_path): if not entry.name.startswith('.') and entry.is_file(): rel_path = osp.relpath(entry.path, root) if (suffix is None or rel_path.endswith(suffix)) and list_file: yield rel_path elif osp.isdir(entry.path): if list_dir: rel_dir = osp.relpath(entry.path, root) yield rel_dir if recursive: yield from _list_dir_or_file(entry.path, list_dir, list_file, suffix, recursive) return _list_dir_or_file(dir_path, list_dir, list_file, suffix, recursive)

© Copyright 2022, mmengine contributors. Revision b2295a25.

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