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15 minutes to get started with MMEngine

In this tutorial, we’ll take training a ResNet-50 model on CIFAR-10 dataset as an example. We will build a complete and configurable pipeline for both training and validation in only 80 lines of code with MMEgnine. The whole process includes the following steps:

  1. Build a Model

  2. Build a Dataset and DataLoader

  3. Build a Evaluation Metrics

  4. Build a Runner and Run the Task

Build a Model

First, we need to build a model. In MMEngine, the model should inherit from BaseModel. Aside from parameters representing inputs from the dataset, its forward method needs to accept an extra argument called mode:

  • for training, the value of mode is “loss,” and the forward method should return a dict containing the key “loss”.

  • for validation, the value of mode is “predict”, and the forward method should return results containing both predictions and labels.

import torch.nn.functional as F
import torchvision
from mmengine.model import BaseModel


class MMResNet50(BaseModel):
    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__()
        self.resnet = torchvision.models.resnet50()

    def forward(self, imgs, labels, mode):
        x = self.resnet(imgs)
        if mode == 'loss':
            return {'loss': F.cross_entropy(x, labels)}
        elif mode == 'predict':
            return x, labels

Build a Dataset and DataLoader

Next, we need to create Dataset and DataLoader for training and validation. For basic training and validation, we can simply use built-in datasets supported in TorchVision.

import torchvision.transforms as transforms
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader

norm_cfg = dict(mean=[0.491, 0.482, 0.447], std=[0.202, 0.199, 0.201])
train_dataloader = DataLoader(batch_size=32,
                              shuffle=True,
                              dataset=torchvision.datasets.CIFAR10(
                                  'data/cifar10',
                                  train=True,
                                  download=True,
                                  transform=transforms.Compose([
                                      transforms.RandomCrop(32, padding=4),
                                      transforms.RandomHorizontalFlip(),
                                      transforms.ToTensor(),
                                      transforms.Normalize(**norm_cfg)
                                  ])))

val_dataloader = DataLoader(batch_size=32,
                            shuffle=False,
                            dataset=torchvision.datasets.CIFAR10(
                                'data/cifar10',
                                train=False,
                                download=True,
                                transform=transforms.Compose([
                                    transforms.ToTensor(),
                                    transforms.Normalize(**norm_cfg)
                                ])))

Build a Evaluation Metrics

To validate and test the model, we need to define a Metric called accuracy to evaluate the model. This metric needs inherit from BaseMetric and implements the process and compute_metrics methods where the process method accepts the output of the dataset and other outputs when mode="predict". The output data at this scenario is a batch of data. After processing this batch of data, we save the information to self.results property. compute_metrics accepts a results parameter. The input results of compute_metrics is all the information saved in process (In the case of a distributed environment, results are the information collected from all process in all the processes). Use these information to calculate and return a dict that holds the results of the evaluation metrics

from mmengine.evaluator import BaseMetric

class Accuracy(BaseMetric):
    def process(self, data_batch, data_samples):
        score, gt = data_samples
        # save the middle result of a batch to `self.results`
        self.results.append({
            'batch_size': len(gt),
            'correct': (score.argmax(dim=1) == gt).sum().cpu(),
        })

    def compute_metrics(self, results):
        total_correct = sum(item['correct'] for item in results)
        total_size = sum(item['batch_size'] for item in results)
        # return the dict containing the eval results
        # the key is the name of the metric name
        return dict(accuracy=100 * total_correct / total_size)

Build a Runner and Run the Task

Now we can build a Runner with previously defined Model, DataLoader, and Metrics, and some other configs shown as follows:

from torch.optim import SGD
from mmengine.runner import Runner

runner = Runner(
    # the model used for training and validation.
    # Needs to meet specific interface requirements
    model=MMResNet50(),
    # working directory which saves training logs and weight files
    work_dir='./work_dir',
    # train dataloader needs to meet the PyTorch data loader protocol
    train_dataloader=train_dataloader,
    # optimize wrapper for optimization with additional features like
    # AMP, gradtient accumulation, etc
    optim_wrapper=dict(optimizer=dict(type=SGD, lr=0.001, momentum=0.9)),
    # trainging coinfs for specifying training epoches, verification intervals, etc
    train_cfg=dict(by_epoch=True, max_epochs=5, val_interval=1),
    # validation dataloaer also needs to meet the PyTorch data loader protocol
    val_dataloader=val_dataloader,
    # validation configs for specifying additional parameters required for validation
    val_cfg=dict(),
    # validation evaluator. The default one is used here
    val_evaluator=dict(type=Accuracy),
)

runner.train()

Finally, let’s put all the codes above together into a complete script that uses the MMEngine executor for training and validation:

Open in Colab

import torch.nn.functional as F
import torchvision
import torchvision.transforms as transforms
from torch.optim import SGD
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader

from mmengine.evaluator import BaseMetric
from mmengine.model import BaseModel
from mmengine.runner import Runner


class MMResNet50(BaseModel):
    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__()
        self.resnet = torchvision.models.resnet50()

    def forward(self, imgs, labels, mode):
        x = self.resnet(imgs)
        if mode == 'loss':
            return {'loss': F.cross_entropy(x, labels)}
        elif mode == 'predict':
            return x, labels


class Accuracy(BaseMetric):
    def process(self, data_batch, data_samples):
        score, gt = data_samples
        self.results.append({
            'batch_size': len(gt),
            'correct': (score.argmax(dim=1) == gt).sum().cpu(),
        })

    def compute_metrics(self, results):
        total_correct = sum(item['correct'] for item in results)
        total_size = sum(item['batch_size'] for item in results)
        return dict(accuracy=100 * total_correct / total_size)


norm_cfg = dict(mean=[0.491, 0.482, 0.447], std=[0.202, 0.199, 0.201])
train_dataloader = DataLoader(batch_size=32,
                              shuffle=True,
                              dataset=torchvision.datasets.CIFAR10(
                                  'data/cifar10',
                                  train=True,
                                  download=True,
                                  transform=transforms.Compose([
                                      transforms.RandomCrop(32, padding=4),
                                      transforms.RandomHorizontalFlip(),
                                      transforms.ToTensor(),
                                      transforms.Normalize(**norm_cfg)
                                  ])))

val_dataloader = DataLoader(batch_size=32,
                            shuffle=False,
                            dataset=torchvision.datasets.CIFAR10(
                                'data/cifar10',
                                train=False,
                                download=True,
                                transform=transforms.Compose([
                                    transforms.ToTensor(),
                                    transforms.Normalize(**norm_cfg)
                                ])))

runner = Runner(
    model=MMResNet50(),
    work_dir='./work_dir',
    train_dataloader=train_dataloader,
    optim_wrapper=dict(optimizer=dict(type=SGD, lr=0.001, momentum=0.9)),
    train_cfg=dict(by_epoch=True, max_epochs=5, val_interval=1),
    val_dataloader=val_dataloader,
    val_cfg=dict(),
    val_evaluator=dict(type=Accuracy),
)
runner.train()

Training log would be similar to this:

2022/08/22 15:51:53 - mmengine - INFO -
------------------------------------------------------------
System environment:
    sys.platform: linux
    Python: 3.8.12 (default, Oct 12 2021, 13:49:34) [GCC 7.5.0]
    CUDA available: True
    numpy_random_seed: 1513128759
    GPU 0: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER
    CUDA_HOME: /usr/local/cuda
...

2022/08/22 15:51:54 - mmengine - INFO - Checkpoints will be saved to /home/mazerun/work_dir by HardDiskBackend.
2022/08/22 15:51:56 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(train) [1][10/1563]  lr: 1.0000e-03  eta: 0:18:23  time: 0.1414  data_time: 0.0077  memory: 392  loss: 5.3465
2022/08/22 15:51:56 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(train) [1][20/1563]  lr: 1.0000e-03  eta: 0:11:29  time: 0.0354  data_time: 0.0077  memory: 392  loss: 2.7734
2022/08/22 15:51:56 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(train) [1][30/1563]  lr: 1.0000e-03  eta: 0:09:10  time: 0.0352  data_time: 0.0076  memory: 392  loss: 2.7789
2022/08/22 15:51:57 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(train) [1][40/1563]  lr: 1.0000e-03  eta: 0:08:00  time: 0.0353  data_time: 0.0073  memory: 392  loss: 2.5725
2022/08/22 15:51:57 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(train) [1][50/1563]  lr: 1.0000e-03  eta: 0:07:17  time: 0.0347  data_time: 0.0073  memory: 392  loss: 2.7382
2022/08/22 15:51:57 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(train) [1][60/1563]  lr: 1.0000e-03  eta: 0:06:49  time: 0.0347  data_time: 0.0072  memory: 392  loss: 2.5956
2022/08/22 15:51:58 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(train) [1][70/1563]  lr: 1.0000e-03  eta: 0:06:28  time: 0.0348  data_time: 0.0072  memory: 392  loss: 2.7351
...
2022/08/22 15:52:50 - mmengine - INFO - Saving checkpoint at 1 epochs
2022/08/22 15:52:51 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(val) [1][10/313]    eta: 0:00:03  time: 0.0122  data_time: 0.0047  memory: 392
2022/08/22 15:52:51 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(val) [1][20/313]    eta: 0:00:03  time: 0.0122  data_time: 0.0047  memory: 308
2022/08/22 15:52:51 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(val) [1][30/313]    eta: 0:00:03  time: 0.0123  data_time: 0.0047  memory: 308
...
2022/08/22 15:52:54 - mmengine - INFO - Epoch(val) [1][313/313]  accuracy: 35.7000

The corresponding implementation of PyTorch and MMEngine:

output

In addition to these basic components, you can also use executor to easily combine and configure various training techniques, such as enabling mixed-precision training and gradient accumulation (see OptimWrapper), configuring the learning rate decay curve (see Metrics & Evaluator), and etc.

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